Curitiba was founded in 1693 and became the capital of Paraná State in 1854. The city is located at an altitude of 945 m. It currently presents about 430 km² and 1.9 million inhabitants.
The city is considered an ecological capital because of its waste recycling program as well as its green area (64 m2 of green area per inhabitant), among other sustainability programs.
Curitiba is a word of Tupi-Guarani origin, the language of several indigenous peoples. Kuri means pine (araucaria), and Tyba, place with great amount of something. Therefore, Curitiba is the land of “pinheirais” meaning land of many araucarias. The tree in the shape of a candelabrum (Araucaria angustifolia) is one of the symbols of Paraná State.
The climate in Curitiba is mild. In September and October, the temperature fluctuates between a low of 10°C (50°F) and a high of 22°C (72°F). But we occasionally get spells of summer-like weather at this time, and the temperatures may be higher.
The city has about 102 square kilometers of green areas, which include urban forests, parks, squares and the famous Botanical Garden. Curitiba totaled 54 m² of green area per inhabitant in 2016. These green areas are scattered throughout the city, and many extend along the rivers and valleys. To know more about parks and green areas in Curitiba, click here.